Animal Farm: An Allegory of Soviet History

Chapter 1: The Oppression Begins

The animals on Manor Farm, led by the pigs, rebel against their human owner, Mr. Jones. They establish a new society based on equality and brotherhood, but the pigs soon take over and begin to oppress the other animals.

Chapter 2: The Rise of Stalin

One of the pigs, Napoleon, emerges as the leader of the farm. He uses his power to manipulate and control the other animals, just as Stalin did in the Soviet Union. Napoleon changes the rules of the farm to benefit himself and his allies, and he uses propaganda to justify his actions.

Chapter 3: The Great Purge

Napoleon orders the execution of several animals who oppose him, including Snowball, who represents Trotsky. This event symbolises the Great Purge of the 1930s, in which Stalin eliminated his political rivals.

Chapter 4: The Russian Revolution Betrayed

The animal's revolution is betrayed by the pigs, who become more and more like the humans they rebelled against. The farm is now a dictatorship, and the animals are treated as slaves. This chapter reflects the way in which the Russian Revolution was betrayed by the Soviet government.


Animal Farm is a powerful allegory that exposes the dangers of totalitarianism. It shows how a revolution can be corrupted by power-hungry individuals, and how a society can be transformed into a dystopian nightmare. The novel serves as a warning to all who would seek to create a perfect society, reminding us that the road to utopia is often paved with good intentions, but treacherous to follow.

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